Morphology and photocatalytic tetracycline degradation of g-C3N4 optimized by the coal gangue

Kai Han, Guohui Dong*, Ishaaq Saeed, Tingting Dong, Chenyang Xiao

Chin. J. Struct. Chem., 2024, 43: 100208. DOI: 10.1016/j.cjsc.2023.100208

February 15, 2024

Coal gangue; g-C3N4; Tetracycline; Photocatalytic; Adsorption sites


Coal gangue (CG), a solid waste from coal mining and processing, has raised concerns about its environmental impact. Graphitic carbon nitride (g-C3N4) is promising for photocatalytic decomposition of organic pollutants, but its performance is hampered by its inherent defects. In this study, the compound of coal gangue and g-C3N4 was formed by in-situ loading g-C3N4 on the surface of coal gangue. After recombination, the morphology of g-C3N4 changes from block structure to tremella nanosheet. This change not only increases the specific surface area of g-C3N4, but also broadens the light absorption spectrum of g-C3N4. Compared with original g-C3N4, the photocurrent of the complex in visible light is increased twice, and the tetracycline (TC) degradation rate is 2.1 times faster. The structure, optical propertiesband structure, morphology and charge transfer mechanism of the composite were analyzed by a series of characterization techniques. It is found that coal gangue can promote the space charge transfer and separation of g-C3N4, and the cyclic test compound has good activity stability. In this paper, a strategy of comprehensive utilization of coal gangue is proposed, which can not only reduce the environmental risk of coal gangue, but also provide carbon nitride (CN) based photocatalytic materials with superior photocatalytic properties.

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